Effect of two seeding rates on yield and yield components of winter and spring faba bean

Neugschwandtner, Reinhard W.
Bernhuber, Alexander
Kammlander, Stefan
Wagentristl, Helmut
Klimek-Kopyra, Agnieszka
Bernas, Jaroslav
Kaul, Hans-Peter
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Taylor & Francis Group - Informa UK Limited
In Central European cropping systems, there is increasing interest in winter faba bean (Vicia faba L. minor), which is traditionally used as a spring crop. But limited knowledge on yield and yield formation and optimum seeding rate exist. Therefore, the purpose of this assessment was to compare soil coverage, yield and yield components of two winter faba bean varieties (Diva and Hiverna) with a spring faba bean (Alexia) with two seeding rates (SR), 25 versus 50 germinable seeds m−2 (S), in a two-year field experiment under Pannonian climate conditions in eastern Austria. Both winter faba bean varieties produced a high grain yield with 25 S, whereas that of Alexia tended to be higher with 50 S. The grain yield of Diva and Hiverna was with 25 S and that of Diva also with 50 S higher than that of Alexia. The higher SR caused in winter faba beans a higher intraspecific competition resulting in less stems plant−1. Pod density of Alexia was higher with 50 S compared to 25 S, while grains pod−1 and thousand kernel weight of all three varieties were not affected by SR. Results show that winter faba bean can be sown in Central Europe with lower seeding rates compared to spring faba bean without suffering a grain yield loss.
The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B — Soil & Plant Science, 2022, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09064710.2021.2014552 © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Keywords: Vicia faba; pods; grains; stems; thousand-kernel weight; Europe; Austria.
Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner, Alexander Bernhuber, Stefan Kammlander, Helmut Wagentristl, Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra, Jaroslav Bernas & Hans-Peter Kaul (2022) Effect of two seeding rates on yield and yield components of winter and spring faba bean, Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B — Soil & Plant Science, 72:1, 496-505, DOI: 10.1080/09064710.2021.2014552