Wood structure of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing on flotation tailings

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Sciendo (De Gruyter)
The aim of this study was to examine Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) xylem changes caused by heavy metal pollution. Annual rings width, number of tracheids in radial rows and the length of tracheids in the wood from trees growing on post‑flotation tailings have been measured. Dimensions of tracheids have been examined separately for early- and latewood of each radial increment. The most demonstrable changes are observed in the tracheids length, which appears to be shorter in the xylem from the industrial area than in the control samples. In the wood from the polluted site, the variability of length of tracheids is increased. Microscopic observations revealed numerous deformations in the xylem tissue and deviations from the standard cell arrangement. Circumferential deformations occurring in the wood structure may indicate the increasing spring frost vulnerability of these trees.
© 2019 Marta Górska et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0 . The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A – Forestry, 2019, Vol. 61 (2), 112–122, available online at: https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ffp-2019-0011 . Keywords: flotation tailings; heavy metals; industrial pollution; Scots pine; tracheid; Pinus sylvestris L.; Europe; Poland.
Górska, M. & Roszyk, E. (2019). Wood structure of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing on flotation tailings. Folia Forestalia Polonica, 61(2) 112-122. https://doi.org/10.2478/ffp-2019-0011