On the vertical distribution of Ips duplicatus, I. cembrae and some bark- and longhorn beetles (Col.: Curculionidae, Scolytinae; Col.: Cerambycidae) in the Tatra National Park in Poland
Sciendo (De Gruyter)
In 2013–2014, a set of 30 pheromone traps baited with synthetic lures attracting I. duplicatus (Duplodor – 15 traps) and I. cembrae (Cembrodor – 15 traps) was installed in 6 altitudinal transects (1000–1400 m a.s.l., every 100 m of elevation) in the eastern, central and western part of the Tatra National Park (TPN) in Poland and operated during the entire growing season. The main aim of the survey was to check if and to what vertical extent these two species of bark beetles, not yet recorded, are presently distributed in TPN. Collected insects, including non-target Scolytinae and Cerambycidae, were determined. Overall 1896 Scolytid bark beetles belonging to 13 species, all occurring in the whole elevation range, were collected. I. duplicatus (28 specimens in total) was collected in the whole elevation profile, similarly as I. cembrae (718 specimens in total). Among Cerambycidae (282 individuals) belonging to 19 species, Rhagium inquisitor and Pidonia lurida, found on all elevations, were the most abundant; 8 species were collected on the highest locality. Pogonocherus decoratus was found for the first time in the Tatra. Results indicate the upward spreading of the studied insects as a possible effect of climate change and the resulting environmental conditions favourable for those organisms.
Acknowledgements: Special thanks go to Dr. Mieczysław Kosibowicz for valuable contribution in the field and laboratory work, Tomasz Mączka and Celina Bryniarska from TPN for their help in the collection of insects in the field, and Prof. Dr. Jerzy R. Starzyk for the final determination of Cerambycidae. © 2020 Wojciech Grodzki, published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0 . The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A – Forestry, 2020, Vol. 62 (2), 68–77, available online at: https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ffp-2020-0008 . Keywords: Ips duplicatus; Ips cembrae; Scolytinae; Cerambycidae; vertical distribution; Tatra Mountains; Poland; Europe.
Grodzki ,W. (2020). On the vertical distribution of Ips duplicatus, I. cembrae and some bark- and longhorn beetles (col.: curculionidae, Scolytinae; col.: cerambycidae) in the Tatra national Park in Poland. Folia Forestalia Polonica, 62(2) 68-77. https://doi.org/10.2478/ffp-2020-0008