Forest plant communities and their degeneration in the urban forests of Warsaw
Sciendo (De Gruyter)
This paper presents the results of an inventory of plant communities of the urban forests in Warsaw. It covers the occurrence of forest associations and forest plant communities in individual forest complexes. Due to their location within the boundaries of a large urban agglomeration, Warsaw’s city forests are particularly exposed to anthropo-pressure. The share of various degrees of degeneration and dominant forms of degeneration in individual complexes and over the whole surface under investigation was assessed. Possible causes of the conditions existing in the forests have been discussed; in particular, within the context of the development and use of these forests for tourism and recreation. Particular forests’ distinct historical origins, forestry management, and existing forms of surface protection possess fundamental significance for the determination of their current state.
Acknowledgments: The paper was proofread by Matthew E. Gladden. © 2018 Wojciech Ciurzycki et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode . The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A – Forestry, 2018, Vol. 60 (4), 269–280, available online at: https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ffp-2018-0028 . Keywords: anthropopressure; forest associations; forest substitute communities; levels and forms of vegetation degeneration; urban forest; ecosystem services.
Ciurzycki, W. & Marciszewska, K. (2018). Forest plant communities and their degeneration in the urban forests of Warsaw. Folia Forestalia Polonica, 60(4) 269-280. https://doi.org/10.2478/ffp-2018-0028