Prospects and problems: considerations for smallholder cattle grazing in oil palm plantations in South Kalimantan, Indonesia
Current Indonesian beef production only meets 45% of local demand. Increasing local beef production through integration of cattle production in pre-existing oil palm plantations is a possible solution to meeting this shortfall. The oil palm understorey provides feed, alleviating the need to convert additional land to agriculture. Smallholders are important contributors to both Indonesian cattle and palm oil production. This case study research seeks to understand key aspects of smallholder cattle management in palm oil production areas, to highlight opportunities and barriers to cattle integration. Thirty-nine smallholder cattle farmers from four villages in South Kalimantan were individually interviewed. The lack of alternative feed sources was the major driver towards the adoption of cattle production using oil palm understorey as feed. Cattle grazing was uncontrolled due to labour shortages and occurred in individually owned and ‘plasma’ plantations, with cattle penned at night where possible to avoid theft. Arrangements on land access and use between stakeholders are needed for systematic cattle grazing and to control cattle theft.
© The Author(s) 2022. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ . The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Agroforestry Systems, 2022, available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10457-022-00759-2 . Keywords: crop livestock systems; smallholder agriculture; farming systems; grazing systems; cattle management; silvopasture; Asia; Indonesia.
Bremer, J.A., Lobry de Bruyn, L.A., Smith, R.G.B., Darsono, W., Soedjana, T. D., & Cowley, Frances C. (2022). Prospects and problems: considerations for smallholder cattle grazing in oil palm plantations in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 96, 1023–1037. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-022-00759-2